In recent years, the number of people with high myopia is increasing, in addition to the inconvenience of daily life, high myopia and even the risk of blindness, therefore, people with high myopia possibility must carry out timely prevention, already high myopia people also do not have to be too pessimistic, scientific knowledge of the same treatment options to deal with. Here's a look at what you need to know about high myopia.
What is the difference between high myopia and low myopia? Generally speaking, myopia of 600 degrees or more is called high myopia. High myopia may be accompanied by some fundus pathology, and if it is accompanied by some fundus pathology in addition to high myopia, we call it pathological myopia. Many people think that high myopia is only a high degree of myopia, so they can see just as well with a higher degree of myopia glasses. In fact, this is not entirely true. As the prescription continues to increase, the eye axis continues to elongate, which can cause fundus lesions. These fundus lesions may directly affect your visual function, such as retinal detachment and macular degeneration, which may directly lead to serious visual impairment or even blindness. Therefore, we should not take high myopia lightly and should control it as much as possible, and then go about preventing and treating these fundus lesions.
What causes high myopia? The development of high myopia is actually due to both genetic and environmental factors. Generally speaking most high myopia is referred to as axial myopia, which means that the longer the eye axis, the higher the degree of myopia will be. The longer the eye axis may cause thinning of the retina, resulting in degeneration and sometimes fissures, and may even cause retinal detachment. Therefore, we have to prevent and control myopia by looking at both congenital and acquired factors.
How can high myopia be prevented and treated? There are several ways to prevent and control myopia, but the most recognized ones are as follows: Increase outdoor exercise time during adolescence. Ensuring two hours a day, or more than 14 hours a week, of outdoor exercise and more natural sunlight can be more effective in preventing the development of myopia. Often said medication may have a role in myopia control, the more recognized is low concentration atropine eye drops. Corneal shaping lenses. It is more effective for myopia prevention and control than frame glasses. It is important to note that myopia prevention and control must start at a young age, because the growth and development stage is often the stage of high myopia development. Once you reach adulthood, it will be more difficult to prevent and control high myopia if you get it.By:Editha