The 3 major drawbacks of millimeter wave, but there are solutions to solve

May 25 - 2022

The 3 major drawbacks of millimeter wave, but there are solutions to solve

Disadvantage 1: Large signal attenuation

When the wireless signal passes through the atmosphere, the signal will be attenuated due to absorption and scattering of the wireless signal. 5g mmWave is generally believed that the higher the frequency of the wireless signal, the greater the transmission loss and the closer the coverage distance.

However, there are exceptions to this rule for very high frequencies. The transmission of millimeter waves in the atmosphere is mainly affected by oxygen, humidity, fog and rain.

Disadvantage 2: Easy to be blocked

Not only can millimeter waves be easily blocked by buildings, but they can also be blocked by human activity itself, even by hands when holding a cell phone.

Disadvantage 3: Short propagation distance

This is mainly because millimeter wave is a high-frequency electromagnetic wave, which is an unavoidable fundamental flaw.

Is there a technology that can solve the defects of millimeter wave?

For example, short millimeter wave transmission distances, using antenna arrays to form beams to concentrate radio energy to increase transmission distances.

This solution directly makes the large size of the antenna array better suited for mobile terminals. This

It is necessary to bring the base station closer to the user, and many in the industry believe that millimeter wave networks will inevitably lead to an increase in the number of base stations around the user

Regarding users' concerns about radiation, foreign experts have confirmed during their research that millimeter waves used in 5G networks are non-ionizing, which means that they do not have enough energy to harm people, and users can rest assured that they will be able to use them.

Related Hot Topic

Why are 5G mmWave blocks?

One of the quickest versions of 5G and the driving force behind its low-latency, high-data-transfer future is the mmWave band. The drawback is that it only travels a short distance and is easily blocked by natural features like buildings and trees, which makes it less useful.

What hinders the 5G mmWave?

Users must be a block or two away from a 5G tower with no line-of-sight (LOS) obstructions in order to receive mmWave transmissions. Buildings, walls, windows, and vegetation can readily block high-frequency mmWave signals, further limiting the range of 5G. (Figure 1).

Are you using mmWave, T-Mobile?

For instance, the majority of band 71's licenses are owned by T-Mobile (600 MHz). This low-band sub-6, which stands for frequencies under 6 GHz, performs effectively in remote places and over long distances. Urban regions with high population densities are built for higher frequencies, such as the 5G mmWave band.